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Tripoli is the lawful capital and largest city in Libya, located on the northwestern shores of the country between a desert and the Mediterranean Sea. It is a major center of Libyan and African economy and business. It is nicknamed "Mermaid of the Mediterranean," or "Bride of the Sea." In Greek, its name means "Three Cities."
One of the oldest cities in the world, it was founded in the 7th Century BC by the Phoenicians, and was then named "Oea." Some historians believe, however, that the city is even older, and that it was originally a Berber settlement before Phoenician rule. In the 2nd Century BC, the city became a colony in the Roman Empire and was later ruled by the Arabs, the Ottomans, the Spanish Empire, and Italy.
Today, Tripoli is known as one of the jewels of the Mediterranean, renowned for its beauty, white beaches and clear waters, whitewashed buildings, skyline, economy, wealth, frequent political upheaval and rioting, architecture, history, ancient ruins, tourism, and culture.
People Born in Tripoli
Tripoli in People's Lives
Ian McEwan: My parents and I moved here around 1956, when I was eight years old, to a British military outpost. My father struggled increasingly with alcoholism, and often treated my mother badly. This was very distressing to me, and I grew closer to my mother because of it. In 1959, when I was 11 years old, I was sent back to England to enter the British schooling system.
Magnus Carlsen: I traveled here in 2004 to compete in the FIDE World Chess Championship, at the age of 13, making me the youngest player ever to compete in one.