It was established a fort in the 11th Century.
Today, Pau is known for its university - which makes up for most of the population of the town, its architecture, palace, history, downtown area, Pau Grand Prix, and nearby mountains.
People Born in Pau
Pau in People's Lives
Mary Todd Lincoln: Depressed and suicidal in 1876, I decided to move to France, and ended up in this town, where I lived for the next 4 years. For two years, I lived in the Grand Hotel, and for the remaining two years moved to the Henri Quatre. While living here, I spent much time exploring Europe as well. In 1880, I fell from a stepladder and injured my spinal cord. Shortly after this, Ulysses S. Grant and his wife Julia Grant visited this city, but insultingly did not call on me. I returned home to my sister in Springfield, Illinois in 1880, in failing health.