It was founded sometime before 1138 and has a rich Polish history.
Today, the town is best known as the location of the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum, which preserves the tragedy of the Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz, the deadliest of all camps of its kind.
People Born in Oswiecim
Oswiecim in People's Lives
Liam Neeson: I traveled here to film scenes for the movie Schindler's List in 1992. We filmed on location at Auschwitz.
Ralph Fiennes: I traveled here in 1992 to film scenes of the movie Schindler's List. My dark role in the movie, as an evil Nazi commander, had a profoundly disturbing effect on me, and nowhere did I feel this more than when I was at Auschwitz.