The land originally belonged to the Chicksaw Indians. The first European exploration here was in the 16th Century, by Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. A Spanish fort was built on the land in 1795, but was later abandoned. In 1797, American settlement took place nearby, though this was by chance, and they were not aware of the fort's ruins, located a few miles away. The city of Memphis was officially founded in 1819 by James Winchester and Andrew Jackson. It was named after the Ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis, Egypt. The Spanish fort was still unnoticed.
Today, Memphis is known for its Southern appeal, downtown area, skyline, iconic bridge, riverfront, history, religious culture, history, parks, and American music heritage.
People Born in Memphis
Memphis in People's Lives
Andrew Jackson: I founded this city in 1819.
Jude Law: I traveled here in 2006 to film scenes of the movie My Blueberry Nights.
Natalie Portman: I traveled here in 2006 to film scenes of the movie My Blueberry Nights.
Orlando Bloom: I traveled here in 2004, to film scenes of the movie Elizabethtown.