It was founded in 1681 by charter by William Penn as "Hickory Town."
Lancaster is also known as the home of the largest Amish community in the world, which spreads out to the surrounding farmland of Lancaster County.
People Born in Lancaster
Lancaster in People's Lives
James Buchanan: I traveled here after graduating Dickinson College in 1809, at the age of 18, to study law. I was appointed to the bar in 1812, at the age of 21. I began involving myself in politics, declaring myself a Federalist and opposing the War of 1812 as uneccessary. I also joined the army as a volunteer private. I moved to Philadelphia in 1814 to further my political career. I met my fiancee Anne here in 1818, at a ball at the White Swan Inn. However, our relationship was a troubled one, and we ended up breaking off the engagement. I was also often here during my political career, from 1852 - 1866, as President of the Board of Trustees of Franklin & Marshall College. I bought a large brick mansion here in 1848, called Wheatland, which I considered my true home and retreat. During my presidency, I only visited here sporadically and not for very long stretches of time. As soon as my exhausting presidency ended in 1861, I remarked to my successor Abraham Lincoln, "If you are as happy in entering the White House as I shall feel upon returning to Wheatland, you are a happy man." And so, my political career over, I retired here, to make a true home for myself, at the age of 70. From my country home, I expressed support for the Civil War that I had been so instrumental in beginning, siding with the North. However, public opinion of me was one of hatred, and stores sold dolls and drawings of me with blood on my face, a noose around my neck, or branded with the word "Traitor." Some called the war "Buchanan's War," and I recieved hateful letters and death threats daily. I implored my former cabinet members who were still active in politics to defend me, but they all refused. Initially, I was paralyzed and deeply disturbed by the hatred aimed toward me, and decided to speak up for myself in 1862, when I published a series of defensive letters in the National Intelligencer and wrote a memoir, published in 1866. In 1868, I caught a cold, which soon became a raging sickness due to my old age and generally frail health. I died in June of 1868, at the age of 77, at my home of Wheatland. I was buried at Woodward Hill Cemetary in this city.
Jared Leto: I traveled here in 1998 to film scenes of the movie Girl, Interrupted.