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|Full Name||Isabella I of Castile y Leon|
|Who||Queen of Spain|
|Birth Date||April 22, 1451|
|Death Date||November 26, 1504|
|Born||Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Spain|
|Died||Medina del Campo, Spain|
|Cause of Death||increasing ill health|
|Father||John II of Castile|
|Mother||Isabella of Portugal|
|Spouse||Ferdinand II of Aragon|
Henry IV of Castile
Alfonso of Asturias
Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal
John, Prince of Asturias
Juana of Castile
Maria of Aragon, Queen of Portugal
Isabella was betrothed to Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1457, at the age of six. At the time, the union would have been a great diplomatic strategy, but as she grew up, this changed. Their betrothal was broken off less than a year later, in 1458. However, Isabella always felt that she shared a secret connection to her cousin Ferdinand. In 1468, when Isabella was 17, she began secret arrangements to enter back into a betrothal with Ferdinand. In 1469, the two were formally betrothed,
In 1465, Isabella's older half-brother Henry pushed for her to marry his brother-in-law, Afonso V of Portugal, but Isabella refused. Henry and Afonso tried again in 1468, but Isabella again refused.
Henry at one point had high hopes that he could match Isabella into marrying Edward IV of England or Richard III of England, but no negotiations of these potential betrothals were ever made.
Isabella was close to her father-in-law, John II of Aragon.
When marrying her cousin Ferdinand, Isabella sought the Pope's blessing by appealing to Rodrigo Borgia, later to be Pope Alexander VI, for help in 1469. After Borgia became pope, he would endorse Isabella with the title of Catholic Monarch in the late 1490's. However, Isabella disapproved of Borgia and had a frosty relationship with him.
During the War for Granada between 1482 - 1492, Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba rose to prominence in the military, and became a favorite commander of Isabella's. She gave him many honors and promotions, and helped to begin his decorated career.
Isabella commissioned Christopher Columbus to find passage to India in 1492, but he instead discovered the New World, which would make her kingdom wealthy and powerful. She granted Columbus various honors and promotions, though she frequently disagreed with him on matters such as the slave trade of natives found in the New World. She attempted to pass laws against this, but they had little effect.
Francisco Jimenez de Cisneros was a religious advisor and confessor to Isabella during the later years of her reign.
Through her daughter Joanna of Castile, Isabella was the grandmother of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor.
Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Spain - Born here, 1451. Lived here, 1451 - 1454.
Arevalo, Spain - Grew up here, 1454 - 1462.
Segovia, Spain - Lived here, 1462 - 1504.
Avila, Spain - Attended brother's funeral here, 1468.
Valladolid, Spain - Married here, 1469.
Medina del Campo, Spain - Traveled here, 1482. Died here, 1504.
Tordesillas, Spain - Traveled here, 1494.
Granada, Spain - Buried here, 1504.