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Cleopatra

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Cleopatra
Cleopatra was the last Pharoah of Egypt, though not Egyptian herself, being a member of the Ptolemaic Dynasty and of Greek origin. She is also famous for being the lover of both Julius Caesar  and Marc Antony.









Full Name Cleopatra VII Philopator
Who Pharaoh of Egypt
Birth Date October 69 BC
Death Date August 12, 30 BC
Country Egypt
Born Alexandria, Egypt
Died Alexandria, Egypt
Cause of Death suicide - snake bite
Father Ptolemy XII Auletes
Mother Cleopatra V of Egypt
Spouse

Ptolemy XIV of Egypt

Marc Antony

Children

Caesarion

Cleopatra Selene II

Alexander Helios

Ptolemy Philadelphus

Siblings

Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator

Arsinoe IV of Egypt

Ptolemy XIV of Egypt

Berenice IV of Egypt

Connections

When Julius Caesar invaded Alexandria with plans to conquer Egypt, Cleopatra wrapped herself in a carpet, which she had carried as a gift into Caesar's chambers. She revealed herself, and seduced him. Nine months afterward, she had a son, Caesarion, with Caesar, and visited Rome with him. He publically acknowledged their relationship, housed her in one of his personal villas outside the city, announced that his plans of annexing Egypt were to be abandoned, and legitimized Cleopatra as the Egyptian queen that she was. He even erected a statue of her, representing the goddess Isis. All of this caused quite a scandal, as Caesar was already married to Calpurnia Pisonis. The lover's holiday together was shattered, however, when Caesar was assassinated, and Cleopatra and her son hastily sailed back to Egypt.

Cicero hated Cleopatra, and voiced his low opinions of her in letters during her stay as Caesar's mistress in Rome.

Three years after Caesar's assassination, following a series of chaotic civil wars in Rome, Marc Antony summoned Cleopatra to Tarsus for a political meeting. She arrived in an elaborate, dazzling display, and Antony was awestruck - so much so that he accompanied her back to Alexandria, where they spent the summer together as lovers. On Christmas Day in 40 BC, Cleopatra gave birth to twins Cleopatra Selene II and Alexander Helios. Four years later, Antony relocated to Alexandria and married Cleopatra in an Egyptian ceremony, despite the fact that he was already married to Octavia the Younger. The couple shortly had another child. Roman armies soon invaded Egypt, and during the war Antony fought against his countrymen for Egypt. The land was conquered, however, and Antony, hearing that his Cleopatra had killed herself, stabbed himself with his sword. When he learned that she was still alive, he was brought to her hiding place, where he died in her arms. A few days afterward, she too committed suicide by snakebite.

During the invasion of Alexandria, Cleopatra's sister Arsinoe IV aided the enemies, which Cleopatra could not forgive her for. She was banished to a temple, and a few years later, Cleopatra convinced Marc Antony to give orders to have her executed.

Plutarch wrote of Cleopatra as a great beauty, saying that even more attractive than her face was her wit, charm, and voice.


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How Added - Through lover Julius Caesar.

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